The aim of the strategic project is for internet users to be able to identify themselves correctly and securely. They require an electronic identity in order to do so.
More and more people are carrying out diverse transactions on the internet which require them to identify themselves. The electronic identity (E-ID) used for this purpose should be correct and protect against confusion. In order to prevent falsified electronic identities being issued, the Federal Council has defined the core task of issuing an E-ID, i.e. officially checking and confirming the existence of the person and their identifying features such as name, sex and date of birth, as government responsibility.
However, the Confederation will neither develop nor issue the technological medium that this state certified and confirmed identity will take; options include mobile telephones, bank cards, public transport passes. This is to be done by providers who are closer to users and the relevant technology. However, it will be the federal government's job to make sure providers and their solutions undergo a strict recognition procedure and are also subject to regular checks. A certification authority for this purpose established within the Federal Department of Finance (EFD) will assume this task.
The use and disclosure of data is in sole control of the person concerned. On the other hand, each online service provider can decide for itself whether they require the state certified identity in order to allow people to use their services or not.
The E-ID is a key infrastructure element on which further digital services can be built, e.g. fully digital eGovernment, eVoting, eBanking, eHealth, eEducation and eCommerce. It should make an important contribution to Switzerland's digital transformation in the process.
Business processes are increasingly being moved to the digital world. To make it possible for more demanding transactions to be carried out online too, business partners need to be able to trust the identity of the other party. Consequently, the Federal Council wishes to create the legal and organisational framework for electronic identification services. Having acknowledged the results of the consultation process, it instructed the Federal Department of Justice and Police (FDJP) during its meeting on 15 November 2017 to prepare a draft law. On 1 June 2018, the Federal Council adopted the dispatch on the Federal Act on Recognised Electronic Means of Identification.
The Federal Assembly agreed on the electronic identity framework at the end of the 2019 autumn session and adopted the eID Act. At the beginning of October 2019, an alliance of two organisations started collecting signatures to call a referendum against the Act.
|Measure / Deliverable||Deadline|
|Establishment of a legal framework for state-recognised electronic means of identification (eID) which allows a needs-based internet identification and authentication, particularly for portals of the federal authorities. By taking international standards and requirements into account, this eID will later be recognised in the EU.||postponed (31.12.2020)|
|Creation of a standardisation framework for state-recognised electronic means of identification (eID). Definition of the technical and organisational standards, security levels and technical rules which are obligatory for state-recognised eID systems. In particular, these should ensure unobstructed in-teroperability between recognised eID systems and be compatible with EU regulations.||
|Development and further development of a "demonstrator" and a design recommendation (best practices) for the state-recognised eID as a reference model and, in particular, as a contribution to communication and marketing.||
|Creation of an attribute interface at the State Identity Service (SIS).
This will happen in parallel with the political consultations concerning the planned eID Act.
Federal Office of Police fedpol
Contact person: Philippe Lorenz
Contact: philippe.lorenz(at)fedpol.admin.ch, +41 58 485 08 44